China Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine ›› 2021, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (12): 4575-4587.doi: 10.16431/j.cnki.1671-7236.2021.12.026

• Genetics and Breeding • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research Advances on the Origin, Evolution and Genetic Diversity of Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)

FANG Ruixin1,2, TIAN Xueqi1, ZOU Chen1,2, DONG Yimeng1, LIU Xin2, XING Xiumei1   

  1. 1. Institute of Special Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130112, China;
    2. Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
  • Revised:2021-06-23 Online:2021-12-20 Published:2021-12-02

Abstract: Red deer is a very important species resource.Due to habitat loss and human interference, the number of wild red deer has decreased sharply, while most domestic red deer have been improved, so the number of pure red deer has decreased sharply.The study of molecular genetics of red deer can not only deepen people’s understanding of the origin and speciation of red deer, but also help to carry out genetic diversity protection research.With the rapid development of high-throughput sequencing technology, molecular biology and bioinformatics, the origin and evolution of red deer have been progressed to the genome-wide level.The study on the origin and evolution of red deer has gradually developed from the study of body appearance and chromosome karyotype to the study of DNA sequence and physiological indexes.This paper reviews the research progress on the origin, evolution and genetic diversity of red deer at home and abroad in recent years.It not only reveals the evolutionary history of red deer from the aspects of origin time, origin place and migration route, but also introduces the different molecular markers for paternal, maternal and autosomal genetic diversity selection of red deer in order to further reveal the genetic variation, differentiation, migration route and phylogenetic relationship of red deer population, provides important references for the utilization and protection of genetic resources and the healthy development of red deer industry.

Key words: Cervus elaphus; origin; evolution; genetic diversity

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